第六课 神将亚伯拉罕刻画为所有信徒的父亲

Romans 4:16 –25

罗马书 4:16 –25


Would you say that an Old Testament person got to be innocent before God and thus got to heaven in the same way or a different way from a New Testament believer?


ROMANS 4:16-17 罗马书 4:16-17

In last week’s reading, Paul said that law, any kind of law, will bring transgression which will result in God’s anger. The law always demands, “do” or “don’t do” but we always fail to be perfect. Notice the first word of vs 16, “therefore”, Paul is now making a conclusion. The promise of being a forgiven child of God comes by faith. It is by grace. It is a free gift given by God. Since it is given by God, it can be guaranteed (16). Paul makes the same point that this guaranteed promise is for Jew and Gentile alike. Abraham is the father of us all (16). Notice an important point – a believer in God’s promise of a Savior is a child of Abraham, a member of his family. It doesn’t make any difference if we are Jewish, or northern European, from the far east, Africa or the western world. Whoever has the same faith as Abraham is part of his family and thus a part of God’s family. Faith in what Jesus has done for humanity unites us all.

在上周的阅读中,保罗说律法,无论是何种形式,都是罪过且将招致神的怒气。律法总是要求"做"或"禁止做",但我们总是不能完全达标。注意16节的第一个词 “所以” ,保罗现在开始总结了。神所应许做被赦免的孩子是藉着信来的。这是恩典。这是神所赐的免费礼物。因为是神所赐的,所有是 “定然” 给我们的。(16节)保罗再次重述他的观点,这个定然赐下的礼物不但给犹太人也是给外邦人的。亚伯拉罕是我们所有人的父亲。(16节)。注意一个重点——一个相信神所应许的救主的信徒是亚伯拉罕的儿女,他家里的一员。不论我们是犹太人,北欧人或是远东,非洲还是西方人都没有什么不同。凡是和亚伯拉罕有着相同信心的人都是他的家人。相信耶稣为全人类所做的工将我们团聚在一起。


1. Many guarantees that we experience from companies have limits and exceptions. How is God’s guarantee different?


2. Is the thought that you are a child of Abraham a new thought for you? Why is it an important point?


ROMANS 4:17b-25 罗马书4:17b-25

God had spoken what may seem to be impossible promises. Abraham and Sarah were going to have a child. There were two major obstacles, both Abraham and Sarah were beyond the age of having children. From the perspective of child-bearing, they were both as good as dead. In spite of that, God still, “calls things that are not as though they were."(17) The eventual child, Issac, didn’t exist yet God spoke as though he did.


The word translated, “he faced the fact” (19) has the idea of someone thinking deeply about something. Abraham realized reality, he and Sarah were well beyond the age of becoming parents. He wasn’t blind to reality. He wasn’t a simpleton. He just believed God had the power and the will to do what he said, no matter what the physical circumstances were (21). He trusted what God promised, “This is why ‘it was credited to him as righteousness.” (22) Those words were written for your assurance as well, God does the same through faith in his promise of forgiveness through Jesus.


Vs.24 Why did the Father hand over his son to death? He did it for our sins, because of our sin. Why did the Father raise Jesus to life? He did it for our justification. We were declared not guilty when Jesus was still on the cross. He had paid for the sin of the world. Because we were declared not guilty already on Good Friday, God raised Jesus to life. He was raised to life to proclaim the victory, here was real life evidence that sin had been paid for by Jesus. He is risen!! Alleluia! Our forgiveness is assured – believe it.



3. What comfort can we take in the fact that God gives life to the dead and calls things into existence that did not exist before? 17


4. What was the basis for Abraham’s hope for the future? 18


5. List some promises of God that are the basis for our hope in the future?


6. Give an example of times when God leads us to “hope” – believe - in the face of human hopelessness.

举例说明,神在人完全绝望的时候,要引领我们"盼望"- 有信心的例子。

7. How does Abraham’s experience with God in the matter of receiving righteousness benefit us? Vs 23-24


8. According to vs 25, what was the purpose of: Jesus death?


Jesus being raised to life?


[Preparing for next week’s class 预备下周的课程]{.ul}

  1. Read Romans 5:1 – 21

阅读 罗马书 5:1 – 21

  1. Read Romans – the People’s Bible Pages 78-93

  2. 阅读罗马书 — 大众圣经读本 78-93页

  3. Read Romans 5:1 – 21 a second time but this time out loud.

  4. 再次阅读罗马书5:1 – 21并出声朗读。

How does our faith get strengthen in God’s promises as Abraham’s was strengthened? Vs. 20

我们的信心如何像亚伯拉罕一样在神的应许中得以增强? 20节