In the last lesson, we looked at the utter hopelessness of mankind and the inability of anyone to save themselves from the guilt of their sin. In this lesson, we’re going to look at God’s response to that hopelessness – grace. Here are the questions we hope to answer in this lesson:

• What is God’s “grace”?

• What was God’s gracious plan of salvation?

• What is the result of God showing his grace to us?


• 什么是上帝的“恩典“?

• 上帝恩慈的拯救计划是什么?

• 上帝向我们显明他的恩典的结果是什么?



Please read the following passages and then answer the corresponding questions.


1 Timothy 2:3-4 – This is good, and pleases God our Savior, who wants all men to be saved and to come to a knowledge of the truth.


Ezekiel 33:11 – “As surely as I live,” declares the Sovereign LORD, “I take no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but rather that they turn from their ways and live.” (Note: “Death” here means eternal death in hell.)

以西结书 33:11--主耶和华说:“我指着我的永生起誓,我断不喜悦恶人死亡,惟喜悦恶人转离所行的道而活。”(注:“死亡”这里的意思是地狱中永远的死亡。)

2 Peter 3:9 – He is patient with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance.


Deuteronomy 23:5 – “…the LORD your God loves you.”

申命记 23:5--“…耶和华你的神爱你。”

Psalm 136:1-3 – Give thanks to the LORD, for he is good. His love endures forever. Give thanks to the God of gods. His love endures forever. Give thanks to the Lord of lords: His love endures forever.


Ephesians 2:4-5 – But because of his great love for us, God, who is rich in mercy, made us alive with Christ even when we were dead in transgressions – it is by grace you have been saved.

以弗所书 2:4-5--然而,神既有丰富的怜悯,因他爱我们的大爱,当我们死在过犯中的时候,便叫我们与基督一同活过来――你们得救是本乎恩。

  1. Does God want anyone to go to hell?


    No, God does not want anyone to go to hell.

  2. According to the underlined portions of those passages, what does God want?


    God wants all people to be saved, to turn away from their sin toward Him and enjoy life with Him.

  3. According to the italicized portions of those passages, why doesn’t God want anyone to go to hell?


    God is loves people very much and so desires to spare them from eternal death.

    Titus 3:4-5 – But when the kindness and love of God our Savior appeared, he saved us, not because of righteous things we had done, but because of his mercy.

    提多书 3:4-5--但到了神我们救主的恩慈和他向人所施的慈爱显明的时候,他便救了我们,并不是因我们自己所行的义,乃是照他的怜悯。

    Ephesians 2:8 – For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith – and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of God.


  4. Is this love something that we earned or deserved?


    No, this love is a free gift of God, given apart from our deserving it and in spite of our not deserving it.

  5. According to Ephesians 2:8, what does the Bible call the loving way God treated humanity?


    The Bible calls this loving way of God “grace.”

    On the basis of the passages we have looked at, which one of the following would you say is the best answer to the question, “WHAT IS GOD’S ‘GRACE’?”


    _____ God’s grace is the love that we earn when we keep his law.

    _____ God’s grace is the justice he shows by punishing the wicked and rewarding the good.

    X_ God’s grace is the undeserved love that he gives to all people as a gift.

    _____ God’s grace is the love that he shows people when they first love others.

    _____ 上帝的恩典是当我们遵守上帝的律法时可以赚来的爱。

    _____ 上帝的恩典是他惩罚邪恶以及奖赏良善的公义。

    _____ 上帝的恩典是他给所有人的不应该得的爱。

    _____ 上帝的恩典是当他显明人们先去爱别人的爱。



    Please read the following passages and then answer the corresponding questions.


    John 3:16 – “For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.”


    Ephesians 1:6 – …to the praise of his glorious grace, which he has freely given us in the One he loves.


    1 John 4:9-10 – This is how God showed his love among us: He sent his one and only Son into the world that we might live through him. This is love: not that we loved God, but that he loved us and sent his Son as an atoning sacrifice for our sins.

    约翰一书 4:9-10--神差他独生子到世间来,使我们藉着他得生,神爱我们的心在此就显明了。不是我们爱神,乃是神爱我们,差他的儿子为我们的罪作了挽回祭,这就是爱了。

    Galatians 4:4-5 – But when the time had fully come, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born under law, to redeem those under law, that we might receive the full rights of sons.

    加拉太书 4:4-5--及至时候满足,神就差遣他的儿子,为女子所生,且生在律法以下,要把律法以下的人赎出来,叫我们得着儿子的名分。

  6. According to the italicized portions of those passages, what did God do, in his love, to save us from our sins?


    In His love, God sent His Son into the world to save us.

  7. According to the underlined portions of those passages, what was God’s Son going to be for us, in order that we might be saved from our sins?


    God’s Son was going to be the sacrifice offered for us so that we might be saved.

    God’s grace – the undeserved love he has for humankind – is seen most clearly when we look at the way he sent his Son to pay for sins. Let’s look more closely at God’s Son, Jesus, and at how Jesus paid for our sins. Please read the following passages and then answer the corresponding questions.


    Hebrews 4:15 – For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are – yet was without sin. (The “high priest” here is a reference to Jesus.)

    希伯来书4:15--因我们的大祭司并非不能体恤我们的软弱。他也曾凡事受过试探,与我们一样,只是他没有犯罪。 (“大祭司”这里指的是耶稣。)

    1 Peter 2:22 – “He (Christ) committed no sin, and no deceit was found in his mouth.”

    彼得前书2:22-- “他(基督)并没有犯罪,口里也没有诡诈。”

    1 John 3:5 – But you know that he appeared so that he might take away our sins. And in him (Jesus Christ) is no sin.


    Isaiah 7:14 – Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel. (Immanuel means “God with us.”)


    1 John 5:5 – Who is it that overcomes the world? Only he who believes that Jesus is the Son of God.


    Colossians 2:9 – In Christ all the fullness of the Deity lives in bodily form. (“Deity” means “God.”)


  8. According to the italicized portions of those verses, what was special about Jesus’ life?


    Jesus lived a perfect life in which He never committed a sin.

  9. How is that possible? How was Jesus able to go his entire life without committing even one sin? (Look at the underlined portions of those passages.)


    Jesus was able to live His entire life without sinning because He was the holy God.

    When Jesus died on the cross then, something remarkable happened. God performed an exchange. Please read the following passages and then answer the corresponding questions.


    2 Corinthians 5:21 – God made him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.


    Isaiah 53:5-6 – But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed. We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all.

    以赛亚书53:5-6--哪知他为我们的过犯受害,为我们的罪孽压伤。因他受的刑罚,我们得平安;因他受的鞭伤,我们得医治。 我们都如羊走迷;各人偏行己路;耶和华使我们众人的罪孽都归在他身上。

    1 Peter 3:18 – For Christ died for sins once for all, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to God.


    Ephesians 1:7 – In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, in accordance with the riches of God’s grace.


  10. We said that on the cross, God performed an exchange. He took something away from us and gave it to Christ. What is it he took away from us? (Look at the italicized portions of those passages.)


    God took all our sins from us.

  11. In the second half of this exchange, God took something from Christ and gave it to humankind. What? (Look at the underlined portions of those passages.)


    God gave us the righteousness or holiness of Jesus

  12. Why was God willing to do this? (Look at the end of Ephesians 1:7.)


    God was willing to do this because of His grace, His love for sinners who have given up every right to be loved.

    Remember in the last lesson we diagrammed what God demands in our lives and what he sees in our lives. It looked like this.



    But now we’ve seen that Christ’s life met those demands of God’s Law. He never sinned in thought, speech, or action. In this gracious exchange, God gives us credit for Christ’s holy life. And he gives Christ credit for our sinful life. Therefore, on the cross, we see Christ getting punished for our sins. You could diagram this gracious exchange like this.



    We should look at one more thing about God’s gracious plan of salvation. We need to know why it is we can be certain that Jesus paid for ALL sin. Please read the following passages and then answer the corresponding questions.


    Romans 6:23 – The wages of sin is death.


    Matthew 28:5-6 – The angel said to the women, “Do not be afraid, for I know that you are looking for Jesus, who was crucified. He is not here; he has risen, just as he said.


    Luke 24:37-39 – (After Jesus’ death and resurrection) – [The disciples] were startled and frightened, thinking they saw a ghost. [Jesus] said to them, “Why are you troubled, and why do doubts rise in your minds? Look at my hands and my feet. It is I myself! Touch me and see; a ghost does not have flesh and bones, as you see I have.”


    Romans 4:25 – He was delivered over to death for our sins and was raised to life for our justification.


    1 Corinthians 15:17 – If Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile; you are still in your sins.


  13. Think back to the previous lesson. What did we say was one of the major consequences of sin? (Look at Romans 6:23 above.)


    One of the major consequences of sin is death, separation from God, His love and His blessings.

  14. What then proves that Jesus defeated sin? (Look at the italicized portions of those verses.)


    Jesus’ resurrection from death proves that Jesus defeated sin for us.

  15. According to 1 Corinthians 15:17, is this an important doctrine of the Bible?


    Yes, the resurrection of Jesus is a vital teaching. If Jesus had not been raised from the dead, then we would not know that He has fully paid for our sin. We would have no Savior.

    On the basis of all the passages we have looked at in this section of our Bible study, how would you answer that question, “WHAT WAS GOD’S GRACIOUS PLAN OF SALVATION?” (Please include the exchange that was made on the cross and the proof that our sins are completely paid for.)


    God’s gracious plan of salvation was to have His Son, Jesus, enter the world and become the substitute for all sinners. Jesus lived a holy, perfect life for us, died as the acceptable sacrifice to God for our sins and rose from the dead to assure us that He had won forgiveness and eternal life for us.



    Please read the following passages and then answer the corresponding questions.


    Romans 8:1 – Therefore, there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.


    2 Timothy 1:9-10 – This grace was given us in Christ Jesus before the beginning of time, but it has now been revealed through the appearing of our Savior, Christ Jesus, who has destroyed death and has brought life and immortality to light through the gospel.


    Hebrews 2:14-15 – Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might destroy him who holds the power of death – that is, the devil – and free those who all their lives were held in slavery by their fear of death.

    希伯来书 2:14-15--儿女既同有血肉之体,他也照样亲自成了血肉之体,特要藉着死败坏那掌死权的,就是魔鬼, 并要释放那些一生因怕死而为奴仆的人。

    Titus 3:5-7 – [God] saved us through the washing of rebirth and renewal by the Holy Spirit, whom he poured out on us generously through Jesus Christ our Savior, so that, having been justified by his grace, we might become heirs having the hope of eternal life.


    Romans 5:17 – For if, by the trespass of the one man, death reigned through that one man, how much more will those who receive God’s abundant provision of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man, Jesus Christ.


    Romans 11:6 – And if by grace, then it is no longer by works; if it were, grace would no longer be grace.


  16. According to the italicized portions of those verses, can you name three things we no longer need to fear?


    Because Jesus has won our salvation, we no longer need to fear 1) being condemned by God for our sins, 2) the devil having power over us, and 3) eternal death in hell.

  17. Through God’s grace, what do we get to look forward to? (Look at the underlined portions of those passages.)


    Through God’s grace, we look forward to eternal life with God in heaven.

  18. Do our good works play any part in our salvation? (Look at Romans 11:6.)


    Our good works have no role in our salvation. Salvation is entirely a gift of God to us because of what Jesus did to save us.

    On the basis of these passages, how would you answer that question, “WHAT IS THE RESULT OF GOD SHOWING HIS GRACE TO US?”


    The result of God showing His grace to us is that we have been saved from our great enemies of sin, Satan and death and that we now have forgiveness, acceptance by God and eternal life.

    God’s grace is that undeserved love he showed to all humankind. It moved him to send his Son Jesus to pay for all the sins of all people. But, unfortunately, not all people receive the benefits of Christ’s death and resurrection. Why do some receive eternal life and not others? That is the focus of our next key concept – FAITH.




A. Agree or Disagree – God loves all good people.


Agree.  God loves everyone.  He has provided a Savior who paid for the sins of all people and has won eternal life for all people.

B. Agree or Disagree – Some people are more deserving of God’s grace than others.


Disagree.   We all sin and possess nothing deserving of God’s love and favor to give Him.

C. Agree or Disagree – Jesus loved us by living a sinless life.


Agree.  Jesus’ keeping of God’s commands was done for us as part of what He had to do to save us.  We owe God a perfect life.   Jesus had fulfilled that obligation as our Substitute.

D. Agree or Disagree – Jesus’ main job was to show us how to live a God-pleasing life.


Disagree.   Jesus is a wonderful example for us on how to live.  But His main job was to be our Savior and deliver us from sin and death.

E. Agree or Disagree – Jesus could have saved himself by coming down from the cross.


Disagree.   Jesus offered and decided to become our Savior from eternity.  Once He made that commitment there was no turning back from it.   It He had come down from the cross, He would have broken His commitment and failed in His mission.

F. Agree or Disagree – The virgin birth proves Jesus was the Son of God.


Agree.  The Virgin Birth along with the conception of Jesus in Mary by the Holy Spirit

Is the miracle that allowed the eternal Son of God to also become a true human being

while still being the Son of God.

G. Agree or Disagree – Our Savior had to be both true man and true God.


Agree.   Jesus had to be a true man to take our obligation under God’s law and to obey and suffer and die in our place.  He also had to be true God so that He could multiply His obedience and sacrifice to cover the obligations of all people.

H. Agree or Disagree – God shows love and offers forgiveness to those in whom he sees some merit.


Disagree.   God’s love and forgiveness are free gifts of His grace in Jesus.

I. What do you think? When Jesus was on the cross, did he deserve to die?


Yes and No.   Jesus personally had no sins for which He deserved any punishment.  However, Jesus was serving as our Substitute and was bearing our sins and our curse and punishment for those sins.  In that sense, Jesus “deserved” to die.

J. What do you think? If Jesus paid for all sins, do I have free license to go out and commit whatever sins I want?


No, we do not have a license to sin.  God has not abolished His law.  We are still obligated to live a life of perfect love toward God and all people.  Because of the salvation Jesus has given us, this is what we want to do to show our thanks and love for God.

K. What do you think? Wouldn’t Jesus’ death only pay for the sins that had been committed before his death? Are all the sins that were committed AFTER Jesus’ death still paid for? What about the sins I will likely commit tomorrow, and the next day, and 25 years from now?


In the Bible, God says that Jesus paid for all the sins of all people of all time.  That covers all our present and future sins.  When God transferred the sins of people to Jesus, it is just as easy for Him to gather up all future sins as well as all past sins and

put them on Jesus’ soul.

L. What do you think? The Bible calls our salvation by grace “a gift.” Imagine you were given a birthday present, but then the person who gave it to you told you that if you wanted to keep it, you had to wash their car. Would that really be a gift?


No, having to wash a car as a condition for getting the car makes the car no longer a gift.   However, God’s gift of salvation is so wonderful that it moves us to want to do good things to serve, honor and thank God.