THE MEANING OF THE WORD “BAPTISM” “洗”的意思
COMMON USE OF THE TERM “BAPTISM” “洗”的常见用法
The Greek Word βαπτίζω 希腊词语βαπτίζω
Used in the NT exactly ______ times
In most cases it is simply _________ as “baptize” in the English Bibles.
What are the three exceptions?
LUKE 11:38-39 路加福音 11:38-39 The Pharisee, noticing that Jesus did not first wash [Greek: ἐβαπτίσθη] before the meal, was surprised. Then the Lord said to him, “Now then, you Pharisees clean the outside of the cup and dish, but inside you are full of greed and wickedness.” 这法利赛人看见耶稣饭前不洗[希腊文：ἐβαπτίσθη]手便诧异。主对他说：“如今你们法利赛人洗净杯盘的外面，你们里面却满了勒索和邪恶。
How does this verse help us to understand the meaning of the term βαπτίζω?
马可福音 7:3-4 MARK 7:3-4
“When they come from the marketplace they do not eat unless they wash [Greek: βαπτίσωνται]. And they observe many other traditions, such as the washing [Greek: βαπτισμοὺς] of cups, pitchers and kettles.”
What phrase do many ancient manuscripts have that is not in this version?
How would that variant reading affect our understanding of the word βαπτίζω?
使徒行传 19:1-5 ACTS 19:1-5
While Apollos was at Corinth, Paul took the road through the interior and arrived at Ephesus. There he found some disciples and asked them, “Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?” They answered, “No, we have not even heard that there is a Holy Spirit.”
So Paul asked, “Then what baptism did you receive?” “John’s baptism (βάπτισμα),” they replied. Paul said, “John’s baptism (βάπτισμα) was a baptism of repentance. He told the people to believe in the one coming after him, that is, in Jesus.” On hearing this, they were baptized (ἐβαπτίσθησαν) into the name of the Lord Jesus.”
保罗说：“这样，你们受的是什么洗(βάπτισμα)呢？”他们说：“是约翰的洗(βάπτισμα)。” 保罗说：“约翰所行的是悔改的洗，告诉百姓当信那在他以后要来的，就是耶稣。” 他们听见这话，就奉主耶稣的名受洗(ἐβαπτίσθησαν)。
The word “baptize” is applied to two spiritually different baptisms. What are they?
In Acts 2:17 how does Peter describe baptism?
On the basis of this information, give a simple definition of the Greek word “baptize”:
OTHER USES OF THE TERM “BAPTISM” “洗”的其他用法
Read Matthew 3:11 What two kinds of “baptisms” was John referring to?
Read Luke 12:49–50. What does “baptism” mean in this verse?
Read 1 Corinthians 10:1-2 What does “baptism” mean in this verse?
HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT 家庭作业
Read the following statements about the meaning of the word “baptism”. Then give your own opinion about the statement. Do you agree or disagree with it? Is it good or bad? What do you like (or don’t like) about it? Be ready to share your answers at the beginning of the next class.
Statement 1 陈述一
“Linguistically, the Greek word baptízō need not imply baptism by immersion; at Luke 11:38 Jesus “did … wash (Greek ebaptísthē, literally “was washed”) before dinner.”
Myers, A. C. (1987). In The Eerdmans Bible dictionary (p. 123). Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.
Statement 2 陈述2
“Baptism refers to the act of washing associated with ritual and spiritual purification.”
Snyder, B. J. (2014). Baptism. D. Mangum, D. R. Brown, R. Klippenstein, & R. Hurst (Eds.), Lexham Theological Wordbook. Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press.
Statement 3 陈述3
“In fact, the terms bapto and baptizo, the verb, and baptismas, the noun, could have been translated “immerse” and probably would have solved a lot of problems, but the translators chose to transliterate the Greek baptizo into “baptise.” They transliterated it rather than translate it because it had become such a technical term for “immersion.” So, they just transliterated it across, but that doesn’t change the meaning—it means “to immerse.”
John Macarthur: A Scriptural Critique of Infant Baptism
Read 1 Peter 3:20-21. 阅读彼前3:20-21。
Notice how in the original language of this verse Noah and his family and the world were not saved FROM water, but BY water. In other words, this verse is saying that it was the water that saved them, and not the ark. How was it that the water saved them?